Importance of a profound Dental Cleaning or Dental Prophylaxis

professional dental cleaning at adult dentistry of costa rica Besides the daily oral hygiene that is performed at different times of the day to maintain a healthy mouth, it is important to consider a professional dental cleaning approximately every 4 to 6 months, for it is the most important dental treatment to prevent oral diseases.


Profound Dental Cleaning; involves the removal of plaque, tartar deposits, stains and food wastes which accumulate on teeth. The goal is to prevent tooth decay and other problems in gums and bones. To have your teeth clean, you must go to a professional, who did a prior assessment and according to the case, will use hand tools or cavitron. This cleansing should be performed the right way and with the right tools to be effective.


Steps for a professional Dental Cleaning


dental cleaning by doctor jose garitaIt takes between 45 minutes to an hour, in which the cavitron is used to remove plaque, tartar accumulated on the teeth and at the junction of the teeth with the gums, which are responsible for gum diseases. Then the dentist uses the "air-flow" to remove stains, and then it continues with the polishing process of the teeth with prophylactic paste. Finally and depending of the case, fluorine will be applied.


After a profound dental cleaning is important to continue with daily brushing to maximize results, and make regular visits to the dentist.



Periodontics - Gum Treatment

periodontics gum treatmentThe mouth is full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, are
constantly forming a colorless and sticky "plaque" on the teeth. Brushing and flossing
help to eradicate this plaque. When plaque is not removed, it hardens and forms deposits
called "calculus" or "tartar", that brushing cannot remove by itself. For this, there are
simple professional cleaning treatments that can only be performed by a dentist or dental


Usually, people do not show signs of gum disease until they are between 30 and 50 years
old. Men are more likely than women to develop gum disease. Although teenagers rarely
develop periodontitis, they can develop gingivitis, the mildest form of gum disease. Generally, gum disease develops when plaque is allowed to build up along and under the gum line. The main goal of the treatment is to control the infection. The amount and types of treatments may vary depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires the patient to continue a daily care of the teeth at home.


adult dentistry of costa rica periodontist servicesThe dentist, periodontist or dental hygienist removes plaque through a deep-cleaning method called scaling and root planing. Scaling consists in removing deposited tartar above and below the gum line. Root planing eliminates the rough areas that the tooth's root may have where germs collect. This helps remove the bacteria that favor the disease.


In some cases, a laser can be used to remove plaque and tartar. This procedure results in less bleeding, swelling and discomfort compared to other traditional deep-cleaning methods.



The longer plaque and tartar reside on the teeth, the more harmful they become. Bacteria
can cause gum inflammation which is called "Gingivitis." The gums of a person with gingivitis
become red, swollen and bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease, which usually
can be cured with brushing and flossing daily, plus a periodic cleaning by a dentist or dental
hygienist. This periodontal disease does not cause loss of the bone or the tissue that holds
the teeth.


Periodontitis (or pyorrhea)

When gingivitis is not properly treated, it can advance to become "periodontitis." This
means "inflammation around the tooth." In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth
and form spaces or pockets that can get infected (also known as "abscesses"). The body's
immune system fight against bacteria as plaque extends and grows below the gum line.
Toxins from bacteria and the body's immune system response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place. When periodontitis is not properly treated, the bones, gums and tissues that hold the teeth are destroyed. Eventually, teethbecome loose and should be removed.